WHEN TO PLANT
When heavy frost are over,
plant early peas, onion sets and seed, early potatoes, kale, lettuce and
spinach. All of these will stand light freezing except potato plants, which
should be covered with dirt when frost threatens.
When frosts are about over plant radishes, parsnips,
carrots, beets, late peas and early sweet corn, and set out cabbage and
cauliflower plants. (An old and useful rule is to "plant corn when the oak
leaves are the size of a squirrel's ear").
When all frosts are over and apple trees are in bud,
plant string beans and late sweet corn, and set out a few early tomato
plants from the indoor boxes.
When apple trees have finished blossoming plant
cucumbers, melons, squashes, lima beans and set out the rest of the indoor
Plants for second crops may be raised in an
outdoor seed bed occupying small space. These plants may be grown while the
space allotted to them in the garden plan is still in use for earlier crops.
The rows of seed are not spaced so closely as in boxes used inside the
house. If the plants crowd each other too much some of them may be removed
and transplanted to another part of the garden. The seed bed plan is useful
for such crops as cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, late cabbage and the like.
It is well to plant a fall garden of some crops,
for in spite of the risk of injury by early frost the changes are in favor
of satisfactory results. There can be no absolute rule as to the time of
planting. The probable time of the first frost in ach locality must be taken
as a general guide. For planting in August, and possible even in early
September, the following vegetables may be grown:
When first frost may be expected
between September 15 and September 25:
Lettuce, Spinach,, Turnips, Parsley, Multiplier Onions and
Turnips. (Kale and Radishes may be risked.)
When first frost may be expected between September 20
and October 5:
Kale, Lettuce, Parsley, Multiplier Onions, Radishes, Spinach
and Turnips. Beets and Chard for greens.
When first frost may be expected between October 15 and
Any of the vegetables mentioned in the preceding lists.
(String beans may be risked.)
LAYING OFF ROWS*
Straight rows add to the garden's beauty and
make cultivation easier. To make the rows straight stretch a stout string
between stakes and follow it with the point of a hoe, with a wheel hoe, or
with the end of the handle of the rake or hoe, to open up the row. The plan
is suggested in Fig. 10
Fig. 10––Straight rows add to the beauty of the garden and are easier to
cultivate. The simplest way to lay them off is to stretch a line between two
stakes and mark row with a hoe, hoe handle or stick.
SUCCESSION OF CROPS
Nature generously provides for more than one
crop on the same soil. Vegetables which reach maturity early in the season
should be followed by later crops of the same vegetable or by rotation of
other kinds. Onions to be used green may be grown in rows which are to be
occupied by late tomato plants, as a few of the onions may be removed to
plant the tomatoes. Radishes mature early and as they are harvested the
space may be used for cabbage, lettuce, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts and
other plants. Many combinations of this kind may be made to good advantage.